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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 84-87

Evaluation of functional performance assessment in preterm infants with Infant Neurological International Battery

Department of Neurosciences, PDVVPF's College of Physiotherapy, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
G Shinde Krishna
(MPTh Neurosciences), Boys Hostel, PDVVPF's Medical College, Infront of Milk Dairy, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2395-4264.173439

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Context: Many studies have found that there is an increased risk of neurodevelopmental impairments in preterm and low birth weight (LBW) infants, so it is desirable to make early predictions with regard to outcome. This is important for the family, for the researchers designing appropriate follow-up and intervention programs, and for the pediatric neurologist who has to give meaningful feedback to obstetricians and neonatologists. Several studies have tried to identify infants at particularly high risk of neurological damage. In 1972, Drillien described transitory dystonia of the LBW premature infant as a common developmental deviation of motor function during the 1 st year of life. Aims: To evaluate the functional performance (age specific motor development) in preterm infants using Infant Neurological International Battery (INFANIB). Settings and Design: Observational study design conducted at physiotherapy OPD. Subjects and Methods: An observational study was carried out in 100 infants who were born at 24-31 weeks gestation with age group from 4 to 9 months with a mean age of 4.3 months. The sample selection was based on convenient sampling method. The infants were evaluated according to their gestational age. The study was approved by Institutional Ethical Committee. The guardians signed an informed consent form allowing the infant's participation. INFANIB was administered on 100 preterm infants, and collected data were compared with standard values of INFANIB. Statistical Analysis Used: Unpaired t-test was used for between group comparisons. Results: The present study shows that premature infants have high risk of delayed pattern of motor development which is different from those infants born at term. Conclusions: The premature infants show delayed pattern of motor development that is different from those born at term.

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