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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 79-84

Testicular characteristics of children with cerebral palsy: Our experience

1 Department of Paediatrics, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria
2 Department of Nursing, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Ibrahim Aliyu
Department of Paediatrics, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijcp.ijcp_2_17

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Introduction: Cerebral palsy (CP) is a chronic neurologic disorder. The hallmark of CP is the abnormality of movement and posture, but there may be other associated abnormalities; however, association with absent testis is an area poorly studied. Materials and Methods: This was a case–control study. Pretested questionnaire was administered by the researchers, and testicular size was determined using an orchidometer. Results: Thirty-six (65.5%) of the caregivers in the cerebral palsy group had examined the testes of their wards while only 17 (30.9%) of those in the noncerebral palsy group had examined the testes of their wards. Absent testes were reported in 5 (13.9%) of the children in the cerebral palsy group while none was reported in the non-CP group. Three (60%) left testes were reported absent in the CP group, and two (40%) had both testes absent. Most caregivers (80%) could not remember the exact age at which the testes became nonpalpable, but one (20%) was reported at <1-year of life and none at birth. Only one caregiver (20%) complained of absent testes in the cerebral palsy group. A total of 8 (7.3%) testes were absent from the 110 testes (55 pairs); on the right side, 3 (5.5%) absent testes and 2 small testes were recorded among the CP group while only a single small testis was reported in the non-CP group. Conclusion: Absent testes were more common among the CP group; routine check of its presence and size should be a part of their evaluation.

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